CentOS6.vnsc5858威尼斯城官网8 编译安装LNMP

时间:2019-05-11 09:40来源:计算机教程
思路:根据Linux系统以及公司网站系统的信息,选择合适的安装包进行安装 一、查看系统信息 # uname -a # 查看内核/操作系统/CPU信息# head -n 1 /etc/issue # 查看操作系统版本# grep MemTotal /pr

思路:根据Linux系统以及公司网站系统的信息,选择合适的安装包进行安装

一、查看系统信息

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# uname -a                        # 查看内核/操作系统/CPU信息
# head -n 1 /etc/issue       # 查看操作系统版本
# grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo    # 查看内存总量
#fdisk -l                                      # 查看所有分区

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二、具体安装

常规依赖包安装

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1 yum -y install gcc gcc-c   autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openldap openldap-devel openldap-clients openldap-servers make zlib-devel pcre-devel openssl-devel libtool* git tree bison perl gd gd-devel

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安装libiconv库

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1 tar zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
2 cd libiconv-1.14
3 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
4 make && make install
5 cd ..

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安装libmcrypt,mhash,mcrypt库

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 1 tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
 2 cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
 3 ./configure
 4 make && make install
 5 cd ..
 6 tar jxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
 7 cd mhash-0.9.9.9
 8 ./configure
 9 make && make install
10 cd ..
11 tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
12 cd mcrypt-2.6.8
13 ./configure
14 make && make install
15 cd ..

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编译 mcrypt 如果报错:configure: error: *** libmcrypt was not found,则

echo '/usr/local/lib/'>>/etc/ld.so.conf
ldconfig

编译 mcrypt 如果报错:/bin/rm: cannot remove 'libtoolT': No such file or directory,则修改 configure 文件,找到 RM='$RM' 并改为 RM='$RM -rf'。

安装CMake工具

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1 tar zxvf cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz
2 cd cmake-3.7.2
3 ./bootstrap && make && make install
4 cd..

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vnsc5858威尼斯城官网,安装MySQL

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 1 #卸载旧版本
 2 rpm -e mysql --nodeps
 3 #创建mysql用户
 4 groupadd mysql && useradd -g mysql -M mysql
 5 tar zxvf mysql-5.6.24.tar.gz
 6 cd mysql-5.6.24
 7 cmake 
 8 -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql 
 9 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data 
10 -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc 
11 -DMYSQL_USER=mysql 
12 -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
13 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
14 -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
15 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
16 -DWITH_READLINE=1 
17 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock 
18 -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 
19 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 
20 -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1 
21 -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
22 -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all 
23 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 
24 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci 
25 -DWITH_DEBUG=0 
26 -DMYSQL_MAINTAINER_MODE=0 
27 -DWITH_SSL:STRING=bundled 
28 -DWITH_ZLIB:STRING=bundled
29 make && make install
30 #修改目录权限
31 chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
32 #拷贝配置文件(注意:如果/etc目录下面默认有一个my.cnf,直接覆盖即可)
33 cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
34 #编辑配置文件,在 [mysqld] 部分增加下面一行
35 vi /etc/my.cnf
36 datadir = /usr/local/mysql/data #添加MySQL数据库路径
37 #执行初始化配置脚本,创建系统自带的数据库和表
38 /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql
39 #加入系统服务
40 cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
41 chmod  x /etc/init.d/mysqld
42 #启动mysql
43 service mysqld start
44 #开机启动
45 chkconfig mysqld on
46 #加入环境变量
47 echo 'PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH'>>/etc/profile
48 export PATH
49 #让配置生效
50 source /etc/profile
51 #设置root密码,默认是没有密码的
52 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot -p password
53 cd ..

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启动 mysql 时如果报错:mysqld_safe Directory '/var/lib/mysqld' for UNIX socket file don't exists,则

mkdir -p /var/lib/mysqld 
chown mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysqld

安装PHP

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 1 tar zxvf php-5.6.30.tar.gz
 2 cd php-5.6.30
 3 ./configure 
 4 --prefix=/usr/local/php 
 5 --with-fpm-user=www --with-fpm-group=www 
 6 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc 
 7 --with-mhash --with-mcrypt --enable-bcmath 
 8 --enable-mysqlnd --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql 
 9 --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-freetype-dir 
10 --enable-fpm 
11 --enable-mbstring 
12 --enable-pcntl 
13 --enable-sockets 
14 --enable-opcache 
15 --with-openssl 
16 --with-zlib 
17 --with-curl 
18 --with-libxml-dir 
19 --with-iconv-dir
20 make && make install
21 #移动生成php-fpm配置文件
22 mv /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
23 #复制生成一份php配置文件
24 cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
25 #将php-fpm加入系统服务
26 cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
27 #赋予执行权限
28 chmod  x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
29 #开机启动
30 chkconfig php-fpm on#创建www用户
31 groupadd www && useradd -d /home/www -g www www
32 #启动php-fpm
33 service php-fpm start
34 cd ..
35 vim /etc/profile
36 修改PATH=/usr/local/php/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH
37 export PATH
38 source /etc/profile

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安装Nginx

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tar zxvf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 
cd nginx-1.10.2
./configure 
--user=www 
--group=www 
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log 
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log 
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid 
--with-http_stub_status_module 
--with-http_gzip_static_module 
--with-http_ssl_module 
--with-pcre
make && make install

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添加Nginx启动管理脚本/etc/init.d/nginx

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#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15# description: NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse 
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

make_dirs() {
  # make required directories
  user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=([^ ]*).*/1/g' -`
  if [ -n "$user" ]; then
  if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
  useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
  fi
  options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
  for opt in $options; do
  if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
  value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
  if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
  # echo "creating" $value
  mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
  fi
  fi
  done
  fi
}

start() {
  [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
  [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
  make_dirs
  echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
  daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
  retval=$?
  echo
  [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
  return $retval
}

stop() {
  echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
  killproc $prog -QUIT
  retval=$?
  echo
  [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
  return $retval
}

restart() {
  configtest || return $?
  stop
  sleep 1
  start
}

reload() {
  configtest || return $?
  echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
  killproc $nginx -HUP
  RETVAL=$?
  echo
}

force_reload() {
  restart
}

configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
  status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
  rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
  start)
  rh_status_q && exit 0
  $1
  ;;
  stop)
  rh_status_q || exit 0
  $1
  ;;
  restart|configtest)
  $1
  ;;
  reload)
  rh_status_q || exit 7
  $1
  ;;
  force-reload)
  force_reload
  ;;
  status)
  rh_status
  ;;
  condrestart|try-restart)
  rh_status_q || exit 0
  ;;
  *)
  echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
  exit 2
esac

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用法指南

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chmod  x /etc/init.d/nginx
service nginx start #启动nginx服务
chkconfig nginx on #开机启动
cd ..

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至此,LNMP环境已搭建完毕。

编辑:计算机教程 本文来源:CentOS6.vnsc5858威尼斯城官网8 编译安装LNMP

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